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YNU Meeting at Oldstead, June 10th 2000

Some two dozen people attended this YNU (VC62) meeting, on a fine, sunny day. We met outside the village at the bottom of Cockerdale. The party split up into several small groups as we explored the area. There was a good mix of habitats, ranging from marshy fields with wet flushes supporting plants such as Ragged Robin, Meadowsweet and sedges to planted coniferous woodland on the lower slopes with deciduous wood higher up, with both limy and acid soils represented. The plants were very tall and lush, in response to the wet spring we have had. We heard quite a few birds, but I at least saw very few in the thick foliage.

observatory At the top of the woods we came across the Observatory, which was apparently erected in the “first year of Queen Victoria’s reign” according to the rather worn inscription on its face (see right). It was close to here that we found the plant of the day - Chickweed Wintergreen.

At the “de-briefing” in the Black Swan afterwards we were treated to field reports of not only plants and birds, but mammals, slugs & snails, butterflies & moths, and other insects. butterfly Several butterfies were seen including Painted Lady (see left: this picture was actually taken at Gilling the day after) and Red Admiral, but no Small Tortoiseshells which are apparently very scarce this year.

I do not have lists of all that was found, but we did record the following:


Members saw or heard:
Kestrel, Pheasant, Wood Pigeon, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Swallow, House Martin, Pied Wagtail, Robin, Wren, Dunnock, Redstart, Blackbird, Song Thrush, Mistle Thrush, Blackcap, Garden Warbler, Whitethroat, Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff, Goldcrest, Spotted Flycatcher, Blue Tit, Coal Tit, Great Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Marsh Tit, Crow, Rook, Jay, Jackdaw, Greenfinch, Goldfinch, Chaffinch, Linnet, Curlew, Magpie, Cuckoo, Skylark [38 species]

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chickweed wintergreenWe saw well over 100 species, which I have divided into plants in bud, flower or fruit; plants represented by leaves only; trees & bushes; ferns and horsetails; grasses; and sedges. The lists for grasses and sedges include only those which are easily identifiable or notable, and similarly for the coniferous trees in the planted part of the woods.

The find of the day was Chickweed Wintergreen (Trientalis europaea) (right), a charming little flower only about 3" tall which grows under bracken, but is very patchy in its distribution and not particularly common.

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Plants in bud, flower or fruit

English Name Latin Name
Avens, wood Geum urbanum
Bedstraw, heath Galium saxatile
Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus
Birdsfoot trefoil Lotus corniculatus
Bittercress, large Cardamine amara
Bittercress, wavy Cardamine flexuosa
Black Bryony Tamus communis
Black Medick Medicago lupulina
Bluebell Hyacinthoides nonscripta
Bramble Rubus fruticosus
Brooklime Veronica beccabunga
Bugle Ajuga reptans
Burdock Arctium minus
Buttercup, bulbous Ranunculus bulbosus
Buttercup, creeping Ranunculus repens
Buttercup, meadow Ranunculus acris
Campion, red Silene dioica
Catsear Hypochaeris radicata
Chervil, rough Chaerophyllum temulentum
Chickweed Wintergreen Trientalis europaea
Clover, red Trifolium pratense
Clover, white Trifolium repens
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris
Cow Wheat Melampyrum pratense
Cranesbill, cut leaved Geranum dissectum
Cranesbill, dovesfoot Geranium molle
Cranesbill, dusky Geranium phaeum
Crosswort Galium cruciata
Daisy Bellis perennis
Docks Rumex sp.
Dogs Mercury Mercurialis perennis
Figwort, common Scrophularia nodosa
Figwort, water Scrophularia auriculata
Forgetmenot, changing Myosotis discolor
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa
Goosegrass or Cleavers Galium aparine
Gorse Ulex europaeus
Hedge Garlic Alliaria petiolata
Hellebore, stinking Helleborus foetidus
Herb Robert Geranium robertianum
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium
Ivy Hedera helix
Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla sp. (probably xanthochlora)
Lords and Ladies Arum maculatum
Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis
Milkmaid or Lady’s Smock Cardamine pratensis
Mouse Ear, field Cerastium arvensis
Nettle, common Urtica dioica
Orchid, common spotted Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Pignut Conopodium majus
Quaking Grass Briza media
Ragged Robin Lychnis flos-cuculi
Raspberry Rubus idaeus
Rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum
Rose, dog Rosa canina
Rush, hard Juncus inflexus
Rush, soft Juncus effusus
Silverweed Potentilla anserina
Sorrel, common Rumex acetosa
Sorrel, sheeps Rumex acetosella
Speedwell, germander Veronica chamaedrys
Speedwell, heath Veronica officinalis
Speedwell, slender Veronica filiformis
Speedwell, thyme leaved Veronica serpyllifolia
Speedwell, wood Veronica montana
Spurge laurel Daphne laureola
Starwort Callitriche agg.
Stitchwort, bog Stellaria uliginosa
Stitchwort, greater Stellaria holostea
Thistle, marsh Cirsium palustre
Tormentil Potentilla erecta
Valerian, common Valeriana officinalis
Valerian, marsh Valeriana dioica
Vetch, bush Vicia sepium
Watercress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum
Wild Garlic or Ransoms Allium ursinum
Wild Strawberry Fragaria vesca
Woodruff Galium odoratum
Woodrush, great Luzula sylvatica
Woodrush, hairy Luzula pilosa
Yellow Pimpernel Lysimachia nemorum
  No. of species: 83

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Plants in leaf

English Name Latin Name
Angelica Angelica sylvestris
Birdsfoot trefoil, greater Lotus pedunculatus
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara
Enchanters nightshade Circaea lutetiana
Fireweed or Rosebay Willowherb Chamaenerion angustifolium
Golden Saxifrage, alternate leaved Chrysosplenium alternifolium
Golden Saxifrage, opposite leaved Chrysosplenium oppositifolium
Great Bellflower Campanula latifolia
Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum
Knapweed Centaurea nigra
Ling Calluna vulgaris
Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria
Primrose Primula vulgaris
Ragwort, common Senecio jacobea
Self Heal Prunella vulgaris
Sowthistle, rough Sonchus asper
St Johnswort, hairy Hypericum hirsutum
St. Johnswort, beautiful Hypericum pulchrum
St. Johnswort, square-stemmed Hypericum tetrapterum
Stonewort Chara sp.
Thistle, creeping Cirsium arvense
Thistle, spear Cirsium vulgare
Three-veined Sandwort Moehringia trinerva
Violet, dog Viola riviniana
Violet, sweet Viola odorata
Willowherb, broad leaved Epilobium montanum
Willowherb. great hairy Epilobium hirsutum
Wood Sage Teucrium scorodonia
Wood Sorrel Oxalis acetosella
Woundwort, hedge Stachys sylvatica
Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  No. of species: 30

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Trees and Bushes

English Name Latin Name
Alder Alnus glutinosa
Ash Fraxinus excelsior
Beech Fagus sylvatica
Birch, silver Betula pendula
Blackthorn Prunus spinosa
Elder Sambucus nigra
Field Maple Acer campestre
Guelder Rose Viburnum opulus
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna
Hazel Corylus avellana
Holly Ilex aquifolium
Larch Larix sp.
Norway Spruce Picea abies
Oak Quercus sp.
Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris
Sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus
Western Hemlock Tsuga heterophylla
Willow, bay Salix pentandra
Willow, goat Salix caprea
Willow, grey Salix cinerea
Wych Elm Ulmus glabra
  No. of species: 21

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Ferns and Horsetails

English Name Latin Name
Bracken Pteridium aquilinum
Common Buckler Fern Dryopteris dilatata
Golden Scaled Male Fern Dryopteris affinis
Hartstongue Phyllitis scolopendrium
Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina
Male Fern Dyopteris filix-mas
Horsetail, field Equisetum arvense
Horsetail, giant Equisetum telmateia
Horsetail, marsh Equisetum palustre
  No. of secies: 9

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English Name Latin Name
Brome, Barren Bromus sterilis
Bush Grass Calamagrostis epigejos
Cocksfoot Dactylis glomerata
Crested Dogstail Cynosurus cristatus
Flote Grass Glyceria sp.
Foxtail, meadow Alopecurus pratensis
Meadow grass, smooth Poa pratensis
Oatgrass, hairy Avenula pubescens
Ryegrass, perennial Lolium perenne
Slender False Brome Brachypodium sylvaticum
Soft Brome Bromus mollis agg.
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum
Wavy Hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa
Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus
  No. of species: 14

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English Name Latin Name
Carnation Sedge Carex panicea
Glaucous Sedge Carex flacca
Pond Sedge Carex acutiformis
Remote Sedge Carex remota
Wood Sedge Carex sylvatica
  No. of species: 5

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All photos © copyright 2000 Gill & Adrian Smith

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© Ryedale Natural History Society 2000
Page last modified 13th June 2000