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High Batts Reserve, June 14th 2000

For species lists, see below

Guelder rose 12 Members joined the trip to High Batts Nature Reserve near Ripon. We were shown round by the Warden, Colin Slator and his assistant. The weather was fairly kind and we had a most enjoyable day. Colin told us a great deal about the history of the reserve and the management carried out to encourage wildlife of all kinds. The area, which is part of the Norton Conyers Estate, lies on the floodplain of the River Ure; it has been managed as a nature reserve since 1973 and is now an SSSI. It has an interesting variety of habitats, underlain by river gravels and the magnesian limestone bedrock, which leads to a great diversity of plant life (see for instance the guelder rose bush, right). Colin made us green with envy when he said that in the spring part of the reserve was “yellow over” with Yellow Star of Bethlehem (Gagea lutea) which is a rare plant indeed in Ryedale!

The reserve has several hides from which one can observe the birds, although there were not too many about when we visited. Unfortunately we also did not see many of the insects which frequent the reserve, especially dragonflies in the ponds which have been created for them. There are also numerous moths but we did not see them either...

Hoof Fungus I do not have lists of all that was found, but we did record the following:


Members saw or heard:
Kingfisher, Chiffchaff, Willow warbler, Blackcap, Carrion Crow, Goosander, Oystercatcher, Yellowhammer, Long-tailed Tit, Skylark, Garden Warbler, Treecreeper, Song Thrush, Wren, Black-headed Gull, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Robin, Wood Pigeon, Mistle Thrush, Swallow, Moorhen, Coot, Blue Tit, House Martin, Mallard, Kestrel, Swift, ?Sand Martin and Common Gull.

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We saw 150 species, which I have divided into plants in bud, flower or fruit; plants represented by leaves only; trees & bushes; ferns and horsetails; and grasses and sedges. The lists for grasses and sedges include only those which are easily identifiable or notable.

I took a few photos (see below).

Buckthorn (female flowers)
Buckthorn (female flowers)
Cut-leaved Geranium
Cut-leaved Geranium
Field Mouse Ear
Field Mouse Ear
Welted Thistle
Welted Thistle
Wild Thyme
Wild Thyme
Yellow Flag
Yellow Flag or Iris
Guelder Rose
Guelder Rose

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Plants in bud, flower or fruit

English Name Latin Name
Avens, wood Geum urbanum
Bedstraw, marsh Galium palustre
Birdsfoot trefoil, common Lotus corniculatus
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta
Bramble Rubus fruticosus
Bugle Ajuga reptans
Bulrush Schoenoplectus lacustris
Burdock Arctium minus
Buttercup, creeping Ranunculus repens
Campion, bladder Silene vulgaris
Campion, red Silene dioica
Chickweed, common Stellaria media
Cleavers Galium aparine
Clover, white Trifolium repens
Clustered Bellflower Campanula glomerata
Comfrey, common Symphytum officinalis
Cow parsley Anthriscus sylvestris
Cranesbill, cut leaved Geranium dissectum
Cranesbill, dovesfoot Geranium molle
Cranesbill, meadow Geranium pratense
Crosswort Cruciata laevipes
Cuckoo flower or Milkmaid Cardamine pratensis
Daisy Bellis perennis
Dame’s violet Hesperis matronalis
Deadnettle, white Lamium album
Flax, fairy Linum catharticum
Forgetmenot, field Myosotis arvensis
Forgetmenot, tufted Myosotis laxa
Forgetmenot, wood Myosotis sylvatica
Ground elder Aegopodium podagraria
Hard Rush Juncus inflexus
Hawkweed, mouse eared Pilosella officinarum
Hedge Garlic or Jack by the Hedge Alliaria petiolata
Hedge mustard Sisymbrium officinalis
Hemlock Conium maculatum
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium
Jointed Rush Juncus articulatus
Milkwort, common Polygala vulgaris
Mouse ear, common Cerastium fontanum
Mouse ear, field Cerastium arvense
Mugwort Artemesia vulgaris
Nettle, common Urtica dioica
Orchid, common spotted Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Parsley piert Aphanes arvensis
Pearlwort, procumbent or mossy Sagina procumbens
Pineapple weed Matricaria discoidea
Plantain, ribwort Plantago lanceolata
Pondweed Potamogeton sp
Poppy, common Papaver rhoeas
Ramsons Allium ursinum
Rockrose Helianthemum nummularium
Rose, burnet Rosa pimpinellifolia
Rose, dog Rosa canina
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor
Scarlet pimpernel Anagallis arvensis
Shepherd’s purse Capsella bursa-pastoris
Soft Rush Juncus effusus
Spearwort, lesser Ranunculus flammula
Speedwell, brooklime Veronica beccabunga
Speedwell, germander Veronica chamaedrys
Speedwell, heath Veronica officinalis
Speedwell, slender Veronica filiformis
Speedwell, wall Veronica arvensis
Spiked Water Milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum
Stitchwort, lesser Stellaria graminea
Stitchwort, wood Stellaria nemorum
Strawberry, barren Potentilla sterilis
Strawberry, wild Fragaria vesca
Thistle, welted Carduus crispus
Three nerved sandwort Moehringia trinerva
Thyme Thymus polytrichus
Thyme-leaved Sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia
Trefoil, lesser Trifolium dubium
Waterlily, yellow Nuphar lutea
Wood Clubrush Scirpus sylvaticus
Yellow iris or Flag Iris pseudacorus
Yellow pimpernel Lysimachia nemorum
Number of Species: 78

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Plants in leaf

English Name Latin Name
Bellflower, greater Campanula latifolia
Bindweed, hedge Calystegia sepium
Butterbur Petasites hybridus
Centaury Centaurium erythraea
Cinquefoil, creeping Potentilla reptans
Cinquefoil, marsh [?] Potentilla palustris
Cowslip Primula veris
Dock, broad leaved Rumex obtusifolius
Dogs mercury Mercurialis perennis
Enchanters nightshade Circaea lutetiana
Figwort, common Scrophularia nodosa
Figwort, water Scrophularia auriculata
Fleabane Pulicaria dysenterica
Gypsywort Lycopus europaeus
Hop Humulus lupulus
Knapweed, common Centaurea nigra
Mallow, musk Malva moschata
Marjoram Origanum vulgare
Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria
Mint, corn Mentha arvensis
Mint, water [?] Mentha aquatIca
Old Man’s Beard Clematis vitalba
Primrose, common Primula vulgaris
Ragwort, common Senecio jacobea
St Johnswort, perforate Hypericum perforatum
Thistle, creeping Cirsium arvense
Thistle, spear Cirsium vulgare
Vetch, tufted Vicia cracca
Violet, hairy Viola hirta
Violet, sweet Viola odorata
Water plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica
Willowherb, great Epilobium hirsutum
Willowherb, rosebay or Fireweed Chamaenerion angustifolium
Wood sage Teucrium scorodonia
Yarrow Achillea millefolium
Number of Species: 35

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Trees and Bushes

English Name Latin Name
Alder Alnus glutinosa
Ash Fraxinus excelsior
Birch, silver Betula pendula
Bird cherry Prunus padus
Blackthorn Prunus spinosa
Buckthorn Rhamnus catharticus
Crab apple Malus sylvestris
Currant, red Ribes rubrum
Dogwood Cornus sanguinea
Elder Sambucus nigra
Elm, wych Ulmus glabra
Guelder rose Viburnum opulus
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna
Hazel Corylus avellana
Hybrid Black Poplar Populus sp
Larch Larix sp
Maple, field Acer campestre
Spindle Euonymus europaeus
Sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus
Willow, crack Salix fragilis
Willow, Purple Salix purpurea
Willow, white Salix alba
Number of Species: 22

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Ferns and Horsetails

English Name Latin Name
Bracken Pteridium aquilinum
Horsetail, Field Equisetum arvense
Horsetail, Marsh Equisetum palustre
Horsetail, Water Equisetum fluviatile
Male Fern Dryopteris filix-mas
Number of Species: 5

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Grasses and Sedges

English Name Latin Name
Barren Brome Bromus sterilis (Anisantha sterilis)
Cocksfoot Dactylis glomerata
False Oat Arrhenatherum elatius
Meadow Grass, Rough Poa trivialis
Red Fescue Festuca rubra
Slender False Brome Brachypodium sylvaticum
Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus
Bladder Sedge [? not certainly identified] Carex vesicaria
Cyperus Sedge Carex pseudocyperus
Glaucous Sedge Carex flacca
Number of Species 10
Total Number of Species: 150

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Colin showed us a crested newt and a small toad (particularly finely marked with reddish stripes) which he found under a stone. They are pictured below on someone’s hand.
Small toad
Great crested newt
Great Crested Newt (small specimen...)

All photos © copyright 2000 Gill & Adrian Smith

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© Ryedale Natural History Society 2000
Page last modified 5th July 2000