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Sleightholmedale 50th Anniversary Fungus Foray
4th October 2014

led by Rhona Sutherland

Species list below

In 1964 there was a Ryenats Fungal Foray to Sleightolmedale and Gordon Simpson remembers only walking down a tree lined road, and a very fine tea at Cherry Tree Farm! There was no list of the fungi found in the club records.

However Chris Yeates from the YNU kindly sent me a comprehensive list of fungi records from Sleightholmedale for the years 1964-1969. There was only 1 record from 1964 by Willis Bramley, but then many more recorded by W.G. Bramley and others on a foray from 17th-20th September in 1965. This was followed by a foray by the British Mycooglical Society in the spring of 1967 on May 22nd This list includes a great many small and /or aquatic fungi which I would be incapable of identifying but there were also many with which we are familiar. Willis Bramley also wrote a short article in the YNU magazine in 1965 in which he noted 12 species found in Sleightholmedale.

So armed with a composite list I went on one preliminary recce on September 1st and then Melanie Earle and Gill Smith and my husband John accompanied me on another before we met for our Ryenats foray on October 4th. Rain was forecast on the day of the Foray and there were only 7 of us there, but we had a great foray and enjoyed all the cake the rest of you missed!

Overall we found 82 species, 9 of them new to Ryedale!! Many thanks to Melanie for all her identifications. We do not know exactly where the 1964 foray went but from the species on the 1965 list it seems likely they covered some different habitats from the mixed woodland and verges that we covered. Nonetheless 50 years on there are still masses of interesting fungi in Sleighhtolmedale.

We were a bit late in the season for Boletes (the pored fungi) although we found many old specimens along the roadside. Some change colour when they are bruised or cut open and this helps identify them. This one (below left)went distinctly blue green at the base and when the spore size was measured turned out to be Leccinum cyaneobasileucum (which used to be L.aeruginium).

section through belete Lactarius turpis

Always keen to find new quick ways of identifying species in the field we investigated a few chemical tests. If you put KOH (potassium hydroxide) onto Lactarius turpis it turns instantly purple (above right). Also in identifying Russulas if you find a dark red capped Russula, under pines, and it has a red stem and yellowish gills try putting a little Ammonia on the broken gills and if it goes pink it is Russula sardonia!

On 28th September there were masses of bright orange Suillus grevillei and dull slimy Suillus viscidus under the larch trees, but by October 4th many of them had gone. Unfortunately also gone was the exciting specimen of Gomphidius glutinosus - the Slimy Spike. This is a very slimy brown capped fungus with thick wide spaced decurrent gills, and a ring like slimy zone on the white stipe which is stained black by fallen spores and which discolours bright yellow at the base. It is rather rare and certainly new to Ryedale. Foolishly we did not take a photo of it but it was also growing under the larch on Sept 28th but we could not find it on Oct 4th!

Suillus grevillei Suillus viscidus

Suillus grevillei (left) and S. viscidus (right)

Boletus luridiformis

The other Bolete we did find was a group of three beautiful Boletus luridiformis – The Scarletina Bolete, growing in rough grassland along the top edge of the wood.

The most exciting fungus we found in Sleightholmedale was Thelephora penicillata (be;pw). This is an earth fan and consists of an encrusting tuft of spiky branches that starts off as a creamy beige spiky ball which gradually extends to form flattened purplish-brown branches with spiky multi-pointed white tips. We found it at the base of birch and oak trees going up through the woodland and also down by the gate before going over the bridge over the river near Pennyholme.

Thelephora penicillata Thelephora penicillata Thelephora penicillata

Thelephora penicillata

Fungi recorded 2014

English nameLatin nameDet
Orange Peel FungusAleuria aurantiaRS
False DeathcapAmanita citrinaRS
Tawny GrisetteAmanita fulvaRS
Fly AgaricAmanita muscariaRS
BlusherAmanita rubescensRS
Arcyria denudataRS
Honey FungusArmillaria melleaRS
Yellow FieldcapBolbitius titubansRS
Bay BoleteBoletus badiusRS
CepBoletus edulisRS
Scarletina BoleteBoletus luridiformisRS
Yellow StagshornCalocera viscosaRS
ChanterelleCantharellus cibariusRS
Peppery BoleteChalciporus piperatusRS
Wrinkled ClubClavulina rugosaME
Yellow ClubClavulinopsis helvolaME
Fragrant funnelClitocybe fragransME
Clouded FunnelClitocybe nebularisRS
Spotted ToughshankCollybia maculataRS
Conocybe brachypodiiME
Conocybe echinataME
Conocybe juniana var sordescensME
Coprinellus micaceusME
Common InkcapCoprinopsis atramentariusRS
Hairs foot inkcapCoprinopsis lagopusME
Coprinopsis marcescibilisME
Common Jelly SpotDacrymyces stillatusRS
Hoof Fungus / Tinder BracketFomes fomentariusRS
Slimy SpikeGomphidius glutinosusRS
Common RustgillGymnopilus penetransRS
Root RotHeterobasidion annosumRS
Blackening WaxcapHygrocybe conicaRS
Spangle WaxcapHygrocybe insipidaME
False ChanterelleHygrophoropsis aurantiacaRS
Birch WoodwartHypoxylon multiformeRS
Inocybe curvipesME
Amethyst DeceiverLaccaria amethystinaRS
Bicoloured DeceiverLaccaria bicolorME
DeceiverLaccaria laccataRS
Weeping WidowLacrymaria lacrymabundaRS
Saffron MilkcapLactarius deliciosusRS
Coconut MilkcapLactarius glyciosmusRS
Mild MilkcapLactarius subdulcisRS
Birch MilkcapLactarius tabidusRS
Ugly MilkcapLactarius turpisRS
Leccinum cyaneobasileucumME
Brown Birch BoleteLeccinum scabrumRS
Orange Birch BoleteLeccinum versipelleME
Common PuffballLycoperdon perlatumME
Leaf ParachuteMarasmius epiphyllusME
Birch RustMelampsoridium betulinumME
Spring CavalierMelanoleuca cognata var cognataRS
Common CavalierMelanoleuca polioleucaRS
Mycena aciculaME
Mycena epipterygiaME
Mycena pelianthinaME
Nectria cinnabarinaME
Turf MottlegillPanaeolus fimicolaME
Petticoat MottlegillPanaeolus papilionaceusRS
Paneolina foeniseciiME
Parasola auricomaME
Parasola leiocephalaME
Parasola plicatilisME
Brown RollrimPaxillus involutusRS
Bay CupPeziza badiaME
Birch PolyporePiptoporus betulinusRS
Sycamore TarspotRhytisma acerinumRS
Orange MosscapRickenella fibulaME
Rickenella fibulaME
Ochre brittlegillRussula ochroleucaRS
Primrose brittlegillRussula sardoniaRS
Larch BoleteSuillus grevilleiRS
Slippery JackSuillus luteusRS
Sticky BoleteSuillus viscidusRS
Thelephora penicillataRS
Hairy bracketTrametes hirsutaRS
TurkeytailTrametes versicolorRS
Purplepore BracketTrichaptum abietinumRS
Birch KnightTricholoma fulvumRS
Candlesnuff FungusXylaria hypoxylonRS

RS - Rhona Sutherland
ME - Melanie Earle

Fungi recorded 1964 - all seen 2014 also

English nameLatin name
&#nbsp;Arcyria denudata
ChanterelleCantharellus cibarius
Common RustgillGymnopilus penetrans
Root RotHeterobasidium annosum
Blackening WaxcapHygrocybe conica
Amethyst DeceiverLaccaria amethystina
DeceiverLaccaria laccata
Weeping WidowLactarius glyciomus
Mild MilkcapLactarius subdulcis
Birch MilkcapLactarius tabidus
Ugly MilkcapLactarius turpis
Common PuffballLycoperdon perlatum
&#nbsp;Mycena acicula
Petticoat MottlegillPaneolus papilionaceus
Birch PolyporePiptoporus betulinus
Orange MosscapRickenella fibula
Ochre brittlegillRussula ochroleuca

Taken from Chris Yeates YNU and WG Bramley 1965 and 1985 (RS)

© Ryedale Natural History Society 2014, Photos © Rhona Sutherland & Jayne Smith 2014 Back to the Home page