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Farndale Daffodil Walk Part 1
14th May 2016

Species lists below

Ryedale members among bluebells

The Farndale daffodil walk, which takes us north along the River Dove from Low Mill to Church Houses, is the first of two outings forming this year’s study. Included in the walk was the return to Low Mill via the road on the east side. Whilst the daffodil walk is famous far and wide for its wild daffodils it is also important to record other flora and fauna along its route. It is worthy of note how clean the area was, the river devoid of any debris and the walkway free of litter. Very welcome on a well trodden path at this time of year.

Eight members turned out on a fine and sunny afternoon but were dogged by a cold north wind which must have kept some wildlife at bay. For example, we only had one small white butterfly and two bumblebee species. However, we had a good list of birds (40) and flora (107) which will most certainly be added to on our July visit. The River Dove meanders along its route and sunny sheltered spots were numerous. Of particular note were seven male and two female redstarts and a spotted flycatcher along the Dove. A further male redstart and another spotted flycatcher were noted along the roadside. A flock of up to 20 golden plovers were feeding in the pastures below the moor. We were also blessed with the sound of the cuckoo. What was of note was the lack of birds of prey with no single sighting.

River Dove, Farndale

The course of the River Dove is lined with the usual trees - alder, ash, elder, hazel, holly, oak and sycamore. The hedgerows are full of hawthorn and blackthorn, the latter having flowered and the former about to burst in to bloom. All trees were interspersed with flowering bird cherry. This visit was perfect for spring flora, the river banks being particularly lush. The wild daffodil, although at the end of their flowering season, dominate the edges of the River Dove but other flora soon takes over and catches the eye. Extensive swathes of marsh marigold Caltha palustris were impressive and there was one big patch of large bittercress Cardamine amara, its violet anthers showing well against the white petals. Bluebells also cover small areas along the route.

Bird chery flowers

Bird cherry blossom (above)
Ancient hollow ash tree (right)

Ancient ash tree

Ryedale Members at ancient ash

Two pieces of the slime mould False puffball Reticularia lycoperdon previously classified as Enteridium lycoperdon were found on a dead tree, probably alder. It is of particular note due to its curious appearance and behaviour. Slime moulds are no longer classed as fungi but are now known to be Myxomycota, which are a class of amoeboid protozoa, organisms which prey on microbial food webs. These specimens started as fruiting bodies known as a sporangium which swell and harden. They form a silvery-grey papery skin which is depicted here. They eventually split to release a mass of dark brown spores. After the spores have dispersed a faint brown spore print is left on the bark. One of the specimens is just starting to split. A fascinating process.

Myxomecete Reticularia lycoperdon (False puffball) Myxomecete Reticularia lycoperdon (False puffball)

All in all an enjoyable trip and a worthwhile area to form this year’s study.

View of Farndale

Stone water troughs, Farndale
Stone water troughs at Low Mill

Plant list

Latin nameCommon name
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore
Achillea millefoliumYarrow
Ajuga reptansBugle
Alliaria petiolataHedge Garlic or Jack by the Hedge
Allium ursinumRamsons
Alnus glutinosaAlder
Alopecurus pratensisFoxtail, Meadow
Anemone nemorosaWood anemone
Angelica sylvestrisAngelica
Anthoxanthum odoratumSweet Vernal Grass
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow parsley
Arctium minusBurdock
Bellis perennisDaisy
Brachypodium sylvaticumSlender False Brome
Caltha palustrisMarsh marigold
Cardamine amaraBittercress, large
Cardamine flexuosaBittercress, wavy
Cardamine hirsutaBittercress, hairy
Cardamine pratensisCuckoo flower or Milkmaid
Centaurea nigraKnapweed, common
Chrysosplenium oppositifolium Golden saxifrage, opposite leaved
Cirsium arvenseThistle, creeping
Cirsium palustreThistle, marsh
Claytonia sibiricaPink purslane
Conium maculatumHemlock
Conopodium majusPignut
Corylus avellanaHazel
Crataegus monogynaHawthorn
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove
Dryopteris dilatataCommon Buckler Fern
Epilobium hirsutumWillowherb, great
Equisetum sylvaticumWood Horsetail
Filipendula ulmariaMeadowsweet
Fragaria vescaStrawberry, wild
Fraxinus excelsiorAsh
Galium aparineCleavers
Geranium robertianumHerb robert
Geum urbanumAvens, wood
Glechoma hederaceaGround ivy
Hedera helixIvy
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweed
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell
Hypericum pulchrumSt Johnswort, beautiful
Ilex aquifoliumHolly
Iris pseudacorusYellow iris or Flag
Juncus effususSoft Rush
Lamium albumDeadnettle, white
Lamium purpureumDeadnettle, red
Larix sp. (L. decidua)Larch
Lathyrus linifoliusVetch, bitter
Lathyrus pratensisMeadow vetchling
Lonicera periclymenumHoneysuckle
Lotus corniculatusBirdsfoot trefoil, common
Luzula campestrisWoodrush, field
Luzula sylvaticaWoodrush, great
Lychnis flos-cuculiRagged robin
Lysimachia nemorumYellow pimpernel
Malus sylvestrisCrab apple
Matricaria discoideaPineapple weed
Meconopsis cambricaPoppy, Welsh
Mercurialis perennisDogs mercury
Mycelis muralisWall lettuce
Myosotis sylvaticaForgetmenot, wood
Myrrhis odorataSweet cicely
Narcissus pseudonarcissusWild daffodil
Oxalis acetosellaWood sorrel
Phyllitis scolopendriumHartstongue
Plantago lanceolataPlantain, ribwort
Plantago majorPlantain, greater
Polypodium vulgareCommon Polypody
Potentilla anserinaSilverweed
Potentilla sterilisStrawberry, barren
Primula vulgarisPrimrose, common
Prunus padusBird cherry
Prunus spinosaBlackthorn
Pteridium aquilinumBracken
Quercus sp.Oak
Ranunculus acrisButtercup, meadow
Ranunculus ficariaCelandine, lesser
Ranunculus repensButtercup, creeping
Ribes rubrumCurrant, red
Ribes uva-crispaGooseberry
Rubus fruticosusBramble
Rubus idaeusRaspberry
Rumex acetosaSorrel, common
Rumex crispusDock, curled
Rumex obtusifoliusDock, broad leaved
Rumex sanguineusDock, wood
Sambucus nigraElder
Senecio jacobeaRagwort, common
Silene dioicaCampion, red
Sorbus aucupariaRowan
Stachys sylvaticaWoundwort, hedge
Stellaria holosteaStitchwort, greater
Symphoricarpos albusSnowberry
Taraxacum sp.Dandelion
Teucrium scorodoniaWood sage
Trifolium repensClover, white
Urtica dioicaNettle, common
Vaccinium myrtillusBilberry
Veronica beccabungaSpeedwell, brooklime
Veronica chamaedrysSpeedwell, germander
Veronica montanaSpeedwell, wood
Veronica serpyllifoliaSpeedwell, thyme leaved
Vicia sepiumVetch, bush
Viola rivinianaViolet, common dog
? Athyrium filix-feminaLady Fern
? Epilobium tetragonumWillowherb, square stalked
? Rosa caninaRose, dog

Mammals: hare, rabbit, stoat

Butterflies: small white

Bumblebees: white-tailed Bombus lucorum queen, buff-tailed Bombus terrestris queen

Birds: blackbird, blackcap, black headed gull, blue tit, chaffinch, chiffchaff, coal tit, collared dove, cuckoo, curlew, dipper, dunnock, golden plover, goldfinch, greater spotted woodpecker, great tit, grey wagtail, house martin, house sparrow, jackdaw, lapwing, linnet, long tailed tit, mallard duck, marsh tit, meadow pipit, mistle thrush, pied wagtail, redstart, robin, song thrush, spotted flycatcher, starling, swallow, swift, treecreeper, tree sparrow, willow warbler, wood pigeon, wren

Fungi: Daedalopsis confragosa (blushing bracket) on willow, Stereum sp on willow, Uromyces muscari (rust) on bluebell

Myxomycete: Enteridium lycoperdon

© Ryedale Natural History Society 2016, Photos © Gill Smith, Jayne Smith 2016 Back to the Home page